“Overview of Developments in ICT Investment in Canada in 2012?/a>. After two years of robust growth in 2010 and 2011, following the 2009 collapse, ICT investment growth in Canada slowed down in 2012. Real ICT investment increased only 5.0 per cent in 2012, down from 9.5 per cent in 2011 and 11.2 per cent in 2010. All three major ICT components ?namely, computers, software, and telecommunications equipment ?experienced a slow down in terms of real investment.
On July 26, 2013, the Centre for the Study of Living Standards released a report entitled “A Detailed Analysis of Newfoundland and Labrador's Productivity Performance, 1997-2010: The Impact of the Oil Boom.?/a> Propelled by the mining and oil and gas sector, Newfoundland and Labrador’s economy experienced impressive growth in the past decade. During the 1997-2010 period, real GDP in the province's business sector increased at nearly twice the rate of Canada's, while the province's labour productivity growth was more than three times greater than Canada's. This report provides a detailed analysis of Newfoundland and Labrador's productivity performance and the factors behind this performance. It identifies the province’s shift to high productivity oil extraction activities as the main factor responsible for this remarkable productivity growth, while also discussing the positive spill-over effects that this shift has had on Newfoundland and Labrador's economy as a whole. A press release is available for this report.
On May 29, 2013, the Centre for the Study of Living Standards released a report entitled “Can the Canada-U.S. ICT investment Gap Be a Measurement Issue??/a> In 2011, information and communications technology (ICT) investment per worker in Canada was only 57.8 per cent of the U.S. level. The report investigates whether this investment gap is an artifact of methodological differences between Statistics Canada and the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, finding that measurement issues account for only 10 per cent of the gap. This indicates that the Canada-U.S. ICT investment gap is a real phenomenon. Furthermore, the report finds that the gap is heavily concentrated in software investment and in a small number of ICT-intensive industries, particularly in information and cultural industries. A press release is available for this report.
On May 23, 2013, the Centre for the Study of Living Standards released a report entitled "Labour Market Prospects for the Métis in the Canadian Mining Industry." The report argues that the Métis population has unique demographic characteristics ?such as their youthfulness and their overrepresentation in rural and remote areas ?that could create competitive advantages for employment in the mining industry in the medium-term. The report provides an overview of Métis participation in the Canadian mining industry, discussing potential barriers to Métis employment and highlighting actions and strategies that could help the Métis overcome these barriers and maximize their opportunities in the sector.
On May 23, 2013, the Centre for the Study of Living Standards released a report entitled "Labour Market Information for Employers and Economic Immigrants in Canada: A Country Study," prepared for the International Organization for Migration. The report draws lessons from the Canadian immigration experience, examining the services provided to immigrants by the federal and provincial governments, and identifying best practices, which include: establishing national standards for the recognition of foreign qualification; simplifying the delivery of services by using one-stop shops or single-points-of-contact; involving local stakeholders in the development of policy and delivery of service; and maintaining a flexible immigration policy.
The Centre for the Study of Living Standards has organized six sessions for this year's Canadian Economic Association Annual Conference in Montreal, May 30 - June 2. The titles of the CSLS sessions are:
A full program of the Centre's sessions can be found here.
Details about the CEA 47th Annual Conference can be found on the CEA website.
On April 10, 2013, the Centre for the Study of Living Standards released the Spring 2013 issue of the International Productivity Monitor. The issue contains a number of articles on the outlook for productivity growth by prominent economists. The lead article by Martin Baily from the Brooking Institution, James Manyika from the McKinsey Global Institute and Shalabh Gupta from McKinsey & Company provides an optimistic assessment of future productivity growth in the United States. In response, Robert J. Gordon from Northwestern University makes the case that slow productivity growth has returned after its temporary revival in the 1995-2004, and David Byrne from the Federal Reserve Board, Stephen Oliner from UCLA and the American Enterprise Institute and Dan Sichel from Wellesley College argue that the information revolution is not over and, as a result, US productivity growth may well return to its the long-term average growth rate of 2.25 per cent per year. Chad Syverson from the University of Chicago notes the similarities in the productivity growth paths between the electrification and IT eras, which might suggest a productivity resurgence.
- Aboriginal Labour Market and Education Issues (co-organized with the CD Howe Institute)
- Income Inequality Issues (co-organized with Canada 2020)
- Productivity Research from the United States, UK, France, and Canada (co-organized with Banque de France)
- Panel on "What Has Happened to Living Standards in Canada?" (co-organized with the Progressive Economic Forum)
- Panel on "Multifactor Productivity Growth in Canada: Trends, Measurement Issues and Interpretation?"
- Productivity Developments at the Provincial Level in Canada
Andrea De Michelis and Beth Anne Wilson from the Federal Reserve Board and Marcello Estevao from the IMF present evidence that firms adjust production efficiency in response to labour supply development, making total factor productivity growth endogenous. They conclude that for countries, like Canada, close to the technological frontier with good institutions and adequate support for research, development, and entrepreneurship, concerns about slow TFP growth may be less pressing as long as labour input growth remains strong. In the final article Bart van Ark, Vivian Chen and Kirsten Jager from the U.S. Conference Board provide a detailed examination of European productivity growth since 2000 and outline future prospects.
On December 19, 2012, the Centre for the Study of Living Standards released the trực tiếp bóng đá
Fall 2012 issue of the International Productivity Monitor. The lead article by Dale Jorgenson from Harvard University provides an overview of the World KLEMS initiative, which puts together detailed industry-level productivity datasets for countries around the world.
The Fall issue also includes a symposium on the measurement of multifactor productivity in Canada. Erwin Diewert (UBC) and Emily Yu (DFAIT) construct alternative estimates for multifactor productivity in the Canadian business sector, arguing that Canada had a far better productivity performance than what the official numbers indicate. This sparks a highly relevant debate among experts in the area, with contributions by Wulong Gu (Statistics Canada); Paul Schreyer (OECD); and Michael Harper (former BLS), Alice Nakamura (University of Alberta) and Lu Zhang (University of Alberta).
Finally, the issue also contains articles by Barbara Fraumeni (University of Southern Maine) on the new concept of human capital productivity; Peter Jarrett (OECD) on the long-term outlook for economic and productivity growth in Canada; Ricardo de Avillez on how the choice of decomposition formula impacts estimated sectoral contributions to labour productivity growth in the Canadian business sector; and an interview by Chris Ragan (McGill University) with economists Daron Acemoglu and James Robinson on their recent book, Why Nations Fail: The Origins of Power, Prosperity and Poverty.
On September 27, 2012, the Centre for the Study of Living Standards released a report entitled "The Impact of Redistribution on Income Inequality in Canada and the Provinces, 1981-2010.?Using data from Statistics Canada, the report provides an overview of trends in income inequality, defined as the Gini coefficient, in Canada and the provinces over the 1981-2010 period and investigates the impact of redistributive policies ?namely, taxes and transfers ?on these trends. Income inequality is measured in terms of market income, total income, and after-tax income, with the latter considered the most important from a well-being perspective. The report finds that government spending and transfers offset 44 per cent of the rise in the market income Gini coefficient between 1981 and 2010. A press release is available for this report
On September 25, 2012, the Centre for the Study of Living Standards released a report entitled "Canadians Are Happy and Getting Happier: An Overview of Life Satisfaction in Canada: 2003-2011.?Using data from Statistics Canada’s Canadian Community Health Survey, the report finds that in 2011 92.3 per cent of Canadians 12 and over reported they were satisfied or very satisfied with their lives. This is up from 91.3 per cent in 2003. According to the Gallop World Poll Canada is the second most happy country in the world. A press release is available for this report.
On September 18, 2012, the Centre for the Study of Living Standards released a report which concluded that in 2011, ICT investment continued to make a strong comeback in Canada following the decline in investment during the 2009 recession; however, ICT investment performance was not as strong as enjoyed in 2010. Tepid ICT investment growth in the non-business sector put downward pressure on total economy ICT investment growth, but the business sector’s solid ICT investment growth offset the non-business sector’s poor performance.
On June 29, 2012, the Centre for the Study of Living Standards released a study entitled “Innovation in Canadian Natural Resource Industries: A System-Based Analysis of Performance, Policy and Emerging Challenges". The objective of this report, prepared for Natural Resources Canada, is to broaden and deepen our understanding of innovation in Canadian natural resource industries, and to identify strengths and weaknesses of the sector in terms of innovative capacity. The key conclusion of the report is that the overall innovation performance of the Canadian natural resources sector is strong and has improved in recent years. A press release is available for this report. A summary of this report has also been published in The World Financial Review Jan/Feb 2013 edition.
On June 28, 2012, the Centre for the Study of Living Standards released a study entitled “The Impact of Information and Communication Technology on the Productivity of the Canadian Transportation System: A Macroeconomic Approach for the Air and Rail Sectors". The study, prepared for Transport Canada, provides a detailed analysis of ICT investment, ICT capital, and productivity trends in Canadian air and rail transportation, comparing these trends to those seen in U.S. air and rail transportation. A press release is available for this report.
On June 25, 2012, the Centre for the Study of Living Standards released a study entitled “A Detailed Analysis of Nova Scotia’s Productivity Performance, 1997-2010?/a>. The study was prepared for the Nova Scotia Department of Labour and Advanced Education, the Nova Scotia Department of Economic and Rural Development and Tourism, and the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency. It provides a detailed analysis of Nova Scotia’s labour and capital productivity performance and the factors behind this performance. It identifies weak machinery and equipment investment and low levels of business R&D as the two factors most responsible for the province’s productivity gap. A press release is available for this report.
On June 20, 2012, the Centre for the Study of Living Standards released a study entitled “Aboriginal Labour Market Performance in Canada: 2007-2011?/a>. Using Statistics Canada’s Labour Force Survey (which excludes Aboriginal Canadians living on-reserve), the report provides a portrait of the Aboriginal labour market in 2011 and compares Aboriginal labour market performance to non-Aboriginal Canadians over the 2007-2011 period at the national level, and also by gender, age group, province, and main heritage group (First Nations or Métis). The report also discusses the implications of future labour market developments for Aboriginal Canadians and for the labour market policies and programs that support their labour market performance. A press release is available for this report.
On May 18, 2012, the Centre for the Study of Living Standards released a major study entitled “The Human Development Index in Canada: Estimates for the Canadian Provinces and Territories?/a>. This is the first study that has developed estimates of the Human Development Index (HDI) for the provinces and territories that are consistent with the official HDI estimates for Canada produced by the United Nations. A press release is available for this report.
On May 17, 2012, the Centre for the Study of Living Standards released a report analyzing the latest developments in ICT investment in Canada and the United States. The report finds that the Canada-U.S. ICT investment per worker gap continued widening in 2010, with the ratio of nominal ICT investment per worker in Canada relative to that of the United States falling from 53.5 per cent in 2009 to 53.0 per cent in 2010. The widening of the gap reflects the weak ICT investment growth in Canada in 2010. The report draws upon the 2010 update of the CSLS ICT Database.
The Centre for the Study of Living Standards has organized four sessions for this year's Canadian Economic Association Annual Conference, June 7-10, in Calgary. The titles of the CSLS sessions are:
A full program of the Centre's sessions can be found here.
Details about the CEA 45th Annual Conference can be found on the CEA website.
The economic and fiscal crisis in Greece continues to deepen, with the outcome at this point unknown. One scenario sees Greece leaving the euro zone, with very serious implications for Europe. To shed light on this perilous situation, the Centre for the Study of Living Standards and the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives organized a luncheon on May 1st, 2012 with Richard Parker from Harvard University. From 2009 to 2011 he served as economic advisor to Greek Prime Minister George Papandreou, an experience that gives him a unique perspective on the Greek crisis. More information on the lecture "The Greek Economic Crisis and Implications for Europe" is available here
On April 12, 2012, the Centre for the Study of Living Standards released the Spring 2012 issue of the International Productivity Monitor. The lead article Stimulating Innovation: Is Canada Pursuing the Right Policies? by Marcel Côt? and Roger Miller from Secor argues that current policies to promote business innovation in Canada are not working and develops a new framework for understanding innovation.
- Perspectives on First Nations Governance Issues
- Issues on Aboriginal Economic Development
- Canada’s Economic Destiny: The Outlook for Productivity Growth in Canada
- New Approaches to Well-being and Poverty
Other articles are on new direct measures of the use of computer technologies in Canada and the United States and implications for Canadian productivity growth; the reasons behind the large divergence between labour productivity and real median wage growth in the United States over the 1973-2011 period; the relationship between educational attainment, employment rates and productivity in OECD countries; and the treatment in the national accounts of measures of volume output for education and health services. A press release for this publication is available here.
On March 1, 2012 the Centre for the Study of Living Standards released the update of the CSLS Productivity Database for the period 1997 to 2010 with estimates of productivity by province and industry.
The CSLS has created a Media page for their website. Take a look. Our Media page will be located on the right hand side of our toolbar, located at the top of this page.
On January 12, 2012 the Centre for the Study of Living Standards released the research paper “A Comparison of Inequality and Living Standards in Canada and the United States Using an Expanded Measure of Economic Well Being". The study represents the first international comparison based on the Levy Institute Measure of Economic Well-being (LIMEW), which differs from the standard measure of gross money income by including noncash government transfers, public consumption, household production, and income from wealth.
On December 21, 2011, the Centre for the Study of Living Standards released the Fall issue of the International Productivity Monitor. This issue contains five articles: an introductory piece dissecting where Canada's productivity problem really lies; an investigation of the relationship between innovation and productivity in Canadian manufacturing establishments; an examination of the phenomenon of deindustrialization of the manufacturing sector in the context of Sweden; a detailed examination of the industry contributions to real GDP growth and labour productivity growth in Canada and the United States; and an overview of productivity trends in the Canadian agricultural sector over the last half century. A press release for this publication is available here.
On December 7, 2011 the Centre for the Study of Living Standards released a major study “Measuring the Contribution of Modern Biotechnology to the Canadian Economy". Using an income-based methodology, the report estimates that the value added of biotechnology activities was approximately $15 billion in 2005, equivalent to 1.19 per cent of nominal GDP. The reports forecasts that the role of biotechnology in the economy will increase substantially in the future years and by 2030 will represent $144 billion. A press release is available for this report.
On September 19, 2011 the Centre for the Study of Living Standards (CSLS) released a volume entitled New Directions for Public Policy in Canada: Papers in Honour of Ian Stewart. In his work as a public servant Ian Stewart brought a strong analytical focus to the role of the state. To extend this tradition, leading economists were commissioned to address specific policy issues from the perspective of intelligent policy. Contributors are Robin Boadway, Scott Clark, David Dodge, Don Drummond, Pierre Fortin, John Helliwell, Lars Osberg, Christopher Ragan, John Richards, Munir Sheikh, Stanley Winer, and Michael Wolfson. Hard copies of the volume can be purchased for $20 CAD (including HST and handling) here. Videos of speeches from the festschrift dinner in honour of Ian Stewart on September 16 and David Dodge’s presentation of the festschrift volume to Dr. Stewart are available here.
On September 6, 2011, the Centre for the Study of Living Standards released the Autumn 2011 issue of its newsletter CSLS NEWS. It provides information on recent and upcoming CSLS events, including the festschrift dinner in honour of Ian Stewart, as well as the findings of recent and upcoming CSLS research reports and research notes. In this issue, the CSLS also welcomes its two new board members, Fred Gorbet and Chris Ragan.
On September 6, 2011, the Centre for the Study of Living Standards released two new reports on the Index of Economic Well-being: Beyond GDP: Measuring Economic Well-being in Canada and the Provinces, 1981-2010 and Moving from a GDP-Based to a Well-being Based Metric of Economic Performance and Social Progress: Results from the Index of Economic Well-Being for OECD Countries, 1980-2009. The first report finds that the IEWB for Canada was 1.4 per cent higher in 2010 than it was in 2009, but that it has not yet recovered to its 2008 level. The second report finds that Norway maintains its top standing in the 2009 IEWB rankings of the group of 14 OECD countries considered, while Canada remains in ninth place.
A press release is available for these reports.
An interactive weighting tool is also available for the data in these reports.
On August 30, 2011, the Centre for the Study of Living Standards released a report entitled Human Capital and Productivity in British Columbia. This report, prepared for the BC Progress Board, provides an assessment of human capital development in British Columbia. The province’s performance is above average according to the majority of the indicators analyzed, relative to both the rest of Canada and other OECD countries. However, this does not mean that there is no room for improvement.
A press release is available from the BC Progress Board.
On August 29, 2011, the Centre for the Study of Living Standards released a report entitled The Levy Institute Measure of Economic Well-Being: Estimates for Canada, 1999 and 2005. The report develops estimates of the Levy Institute Measure of Economic Well-being (LIMEW) for Canada in order to estimate the average Canadian household’s total command over economic resources. This report indicates that the LIMEW in Canada grew modestly between 1999 and 2005 at 1.08 per cent per year.
The press release is available here.
On August 22, 2011, the Centre for the Study of Living Standards released a report entitled Economic Activity of the On-Reserve Aboriginal Identity Population in Canada: Gross Domestic Product Estimates for Indian Reserves, 2000 and 2005. This report develops earnings based estimates of the GDP of reserves in 2000 and 2005 using two approaches: a "top-down" approach that employs provincial-level data and a "bottom-up" approach that employs reserve-level data.
On August 10, 2011, the Centre for the Study of Living Standards released two reports: A Detailed Analysis of the Productivity Performance of the Canadian Primary Agriculture Sector and A Detailed Analysis of the Productivity Performance of Canadian Food Manufacturing. The reports analyze labour productivity and MFP trends over the 1961-2007 period, and discuss the main sources and drivers of productivity growth in each of these sectors.
On July 22, 2011, the Centre for the Study of Living Standards announced that a dinner will be held on September 16, 2011 in honour of long-time CSLS Chair Ian Stewart on the occasion of his 80th birthday. The CSLS is honouring his distinguished professional career as an economic researcher and policy adviser with the release of a festschrift volume, New Directions for Intelligent Government in Canada. The dinner, which will also be the official release of the festchrift volume, will take place on Friday, September 16, 2011 in the Laurier Room at the Chateau Laurier Hotel in Ottawa, beginning at 7 PM, with registration and a reception starting at 6 PM. More information on the festschrift volume is available here.
On July 6, 2011, the Centre for the Study of Living Standards released three new research reports.
The press release is available here.
On May 18, 2011, the Centre for the Study of Living Standards released the Spring issue of the International Productivity Monitor. This issue contains five articles on: productivity and economic growth in Europe; productivity growth in the Canadian transportation equipment industry; differences in the provinces?productivity performance over the 1997-2007 period; parallels between Latin America’s and Canada’s productivity performance; and the effects of the ageing of the workforce on productivity. A press release for this publication is available here.
On May 18, 2011, the Centre for the Study of Living Standards released ten reports outlining the productivity performance of each province over the 1997-2007 period. The reports discuss growth rates and levels of labour, capital, and multifactor productivity for the provinces?market sector as a whole, as well as at the two-digit NAICS level. A synthesis of the ten reports was also released and can be found here.
The Centre for the Study of Living Standards has organized four sessions for this year's Canadian Economic Association Annual Conference, June 2-5, in Ottawa. The titles of the CSLS sessions are:
A full program of the Centre's sessions can be found here.
Details about the CEA 45th Annual Conference can be found on the CEA website.
- New Insights into Productivity Growth in Canada
- Panel on Explaining the Growing Canada-US Productivity Gap
- Selected Papers from the Ian Stewart Festschrift New Directions for Intelligent Government in Canada
- New Measures of Well-being for Canada
On March 31, 2011, the Bertelsmann Foundation released its 2011 Sustainable Governance Indicators report. The CSLS contributed to the report on Canada. In terms of the Sustainable Governance Status Index, Canada fell from 6th place in 2009 to 7th place in 2011 (out of 31 countries). More information on the Sustainable Governance Index is available on the SGI website.
On February 10, 2011, the Centre for the Study of Living Standards released a major report on university-business research collaboration in Canada and three reference countries: the United States, the United Kingdom and Australia. The report, by CSLS Senior Research Associate Ian Currie, finds that Canadian businesses rely more on the higher education sector than businesses in other major OECD countries for R&D, but government policies can be strengthened to extract more economic and social value. Press Release.
On February 7, 2011, the Centre for the Study of Living Standards released a synthesis of the CSLS-ICP Conference on Happiness and Public Policy held on December 1, 2010, at the Chateau Laurier Hotel in Ottawa. The synthesis provides an overview of the seven sessions of the conference and it reinforces that there are varying views on the interface between happiness research and public policy decisions. Public policy experts expressed more skepticism than researchers regarding how it will be incorporated into decision making at this time. The synthesis of the conference is available here.
On February 7, 2011, the Centre for the Study of Living Standards released a report summarizing the services offered by private sector electronic labour exchances (ELEs) in Canada and the extent to which ELEs are being used in the Canadian labour market to match jobseekers and employers. The report finds that there is a robust private sector in ELE services in Canada. The private sector provides a broader range of services than the main public sector alternative, Job Bank. However, the report recommends that the public sector, through Job Bank, should build on its strength in providing ELE services targetted at low-skill workers and small businesses to address shortcomings in the private sector rather than duplicate their services. The report is available here.
On December 30, 2010, the Centre for the Study of Living Standards released the Fall issue of the International Productivity Monitor. This issue contains five articles on: the impact of the economic crisis on potential output and productivity growth in Canada; the sensitivity of estimates of Canada-U.S. capital intensity and multifactor productivity gaps to depreciation assumptions; a sectoral and provincial decomposition of Canada’s post-2000 labour productivity slowdown; the role of creative destruction in Finnish productivity performance; and the influence of public policy on manufacturing productivity growth in India. A press release for this publication is available here.
On December 1, 2010, CSLS and the Institute for Competitiveness and Prosperity hosted a conference on happiness in Ottawa, Canada at the Chateau Laurier Hotel. This conference took stock of the existing research on happiness and consider whether governments should have happiness as an objective for public policy and, if so, what policies they should adopt. The presentations and some photos from the conference are available.
On November 23, 2010, the Centre for the Study of Living Standards released a major study on factors influencing the happiness or life satisfaction of Canadians. The report, based on data for 70,000 Canadians from Statistics Canada’s Canadian Community Health Survey and prepared in partnership with the Institute for Competitiveness and Prosperity (ICP), provides a comprehensive analysis of the happiness landscape in Canada, quantifies the many variables that determine happiness, and explains the variation in happiness across provinces, CMAs and health regions. The report provides strong support for the 2009 Stiglitz report commissioned by French President Nicholas Sarkozy that recommended greater emphasis be placed on happiness relative to GDP in the development of public policy. Press release and Executive Summary.
On November 18, the CSLS released a report providing an overview of developments in ICT investment in the business sector for both Canada and the United States in 2009. The report finds that the ICT investment per worker gap widened in 2009, with the ratio of nominal ICT investment per worker in Canada relative to that of the United States falling from 62.8 per cent in 2008 to 59.5 per cent in 2009. The report is based on an update to 2009 of the CSLS ICT Database.
Spring and Summer 2010
On June 24, the CSLS released a report providing new estimates of the levels and growth rates of labour, capital and multifactor productivity, labour quality, capital composition and capital intensity for Canada and the provinces at the market sector, two-digit and three-digit NAICS industry levels over the 1997-2007 period. The report finds that productivity developments in Newfoundland and Alberta -- respectively, the best- and worst-performing provinces in terms of productivity growth over the period -- were driven by the mining and oil and gas industry, which has exhibited very different productivity performances in the two provinces. In the rest of the country, the smaller provinces tended to underperform the larger ones across a variety of productivity growth metrics. The report is based on the new CSLS Provincial Productivity Database.
The CSLS also released two reports summarizing the state of knowledge on the role and impact of labour market information (LMI). The first report addresses the Canadian evidence, while the second covers the international evidence.
The Centre for the Study of Living Standards organized several sessions for the 2010 Canadian Economic Association Annual Conference, May 28 - 30, in Quebec City. The CSLS sessions will be on a variety of topics including: human capital of Aboriginals; labour productivity; happiness and well-being.
A full program of the Centre's sessions can be found here.
Details about the CEA 44th Annual Conference can be found here
On April 20, 2010, the Spring 2010 issue of the International Productivity Monitor was released.
This issue of the Monitor contains five articles. Canadian readers may be most interested in the article by Andrew Sharpe, which explores the contributions of various industries to Canada's post-2000 productivity slowdown. The author decomposes aggregate labour productivty growth into within-sector and sectoral reallocation effects. The results indicate that the reallocation of labour among sectors did not contribute to Canada's productivity slowdown. Rather, the significant decline in productivity growth in the manufacturing sector was responsible for the lion's share of the economy-wide slowdown. A press release for this article is available.
On February 12, the CSLS released two new reports examining Canada's poor productivity growth since 2000. The first report investigates the perplexing fact that Canada's lagging productivity growth has occurred in an increasingly market-oriented economic policy environment. The report finds
that the high degree of market orientation of public policy that already exists in Canada suggests that the productivity-enhancing effects of further liberalization may be quite small. The second report assesses Canada's lagging productivity and develops a clear framework for future research on the issue. It is argued that such a framework, based on a set of key knowledge gaps, is badly needed if we are to understand the causes of Canada's productivity challenges.
The CSLS also released a third report that summarizes previous research conducted by the CSLS on the potential benefits of increasing Aboriginal education in Canada, as well as a research note describing the developments in 2008 in the Canada-US ICT investment gap. The research note is based on the most recent update of the CSLS ICT Investment database.
On December 3, the CSLS released updated estimates of the Index of Economic Well-being and its four domains (consumption flows, stocks of wealth, economic equality and economic security) for Canada and the provinces and for selected OECD countries. Both in Canada and across the OECD, economic well-being has increased over the past quarter century as a result of growing per-capita consumption and wealth. However, rising economic inequality and insecurity have dampened the growth of overall economic well-being. The Index of Economic Well-being is consistent with most of the recommendations of the recently released Commission for the Measurement of Economic Performance and Social Progress (the Stiglitz report) on what aspects of economic reality an index of economic well-being should capture.
The CSLS also released a third report addressing the measurement of economic security in the Index of Economic Well-being. All three reports are now available in the CSLS Research Reports section of the website.
On October 22, the CSLS released a new research report examining recent productivity trends in the forest products sector. Since 2000, the productivity performance of the sector has been poor relative to the economy-wide average. This sub-par performance is entirely attributable to a productivity collapse in the paper manufacturing subsector after 2000. The report is now available in the CSLS Research Reports section of the website. A press release is available for this report.
On September 3, the CSLS released two research reports examining productivity trends in the mining and in the oil and gas sectors. In both sectors, despite a poor productivity performance since 2000, increased activity and increased prices, coupled with a high productivity level, have translated into a positive contribution to aggregate labour productivity growth. These reports are now available in the CSLS Research Reports section of the website. A press release is available for this report.
As part of its collaboration with the Institute of Wellbeing, the CSLS released a report on August 12, 2009 “ The Economic Crisis through the Lens of Economic Wellbeing”. The report concludes that the current recession will erase many of the economic and standard of living gains made since the mid-1990s. Unemployment and poverty will likely continue to rise and stay at high levels for years. The report is now available in the CSLS Research Reports section of the website.
On July 27, the CSLS released a new research note “Median Wages and Productivity Growth in Canada and the United States”.Two key findings were that (1) the rise in inequality was a much more important factor for the divergence between the growth rates of labour productivity and real wages in the United States and that (2) ambiguity in the interpretation of labour share suggests the attention should be more appropriately focused on rising inequality as a key driver of the divergence between the growth of real wages and labour productivity. The note is now available in the CSLS Research Notes section of the website.
The Advisory Panel on Labour Market Information recently tabled its Final Report. The CSLS has been an active participant to the Panel through its report